Bathrooms typically have several plumbing fixtures, and it is costly to run individual drain lines from every fixture to the main sewer line of a home. That’s the reason why plumbers connect drains lines in the floor under the bathrooms and install a common vent, which allows waste and water to drain without forming an airlock. The toilet has the largest drainpipe, so the sink drain, which is smaller in diameter, will empty into the toilet drain line. A sink drain is a device that holds water from the tap and can also drain or empty of the unwanted fluid.
A toilet vent is a device that helps to take out waste and unclean water from a home. Toilet vents provide fresh air to each plumbing fittings in the house which helps the system move water from end to end of the drainage pipes every time a toilet is flushed or when a sink is exhausted. With this information in mind, one can now attest whether it’s healthy or hygienic to drain a sink into a toilet vent. In most cases, to avoid great expenses in installing these devices separately, plumbers do hook up drainage lines beneath the washroom and then install a universal vent that allows water and desecrate to be drained to the drainage system.
Drain and vents lines are the most vital aspect of a sewer line. Combining the toilet vent and a sink drain is cost-effective. The joint state forms a well-diversified gauge of ensuring safe sewer drainage and favorable air freshness without increasing the resources to be used. A vent stack is responsible for regulating air pressure and during fresh air without any dangerous pressure building up or drainage problems and they also emit sewer gases and odors diffusing in the living areas while the drain pipes eliminate water and waste.
The general rule is that a vent must not join the load lower on the stack than an exhaust connection. Every plumber should be very keen when doing this installation to avoid the formation of airlock, which can cause the backflow of the wastes. The toilet vent should have a big diameter compared to the sink draining pipe since the latter will empty its contents to the former.
Plumbers should also consider the distance of these two fixtures depending on the washroom layout and direction of the floor joints. The washers that attach the sink trap to the sink and to the drainpipe should be well fitted and tight. A typical sink drain exits from end to end of the wall at the back of the sink, thus it is set elevated than the tub making it and the most favorable spot for a vent. Through this, plumbers merge vents making a home have only one main event that exits to the main drainage.
A warning any plumber is that if the sink drain and the toilet vent are to be connected, then the two should always be connected within 6ft of the toilet. If this is not the case, then the installation should be separate.
How to perform these connections
The toilet vent
- Fit a 3” PVC bend at the lower part of the toilet situated on the floor where the toilet will sit.
- Fit the open end of the closet bend to a horizontal 3” pipe
- The connector to be used in connecting the toilet vent and the sink drain should be not less than 2” and not more than 3”
- Remember to cut at the end of the sink vent before attaching it to the toilet vent, then flush the washroom to test the piping connections to spot any leakages.
The sink drain
- Fit 2” sink trap together to the bottom of the drain stud that goes from the bottom of the sink.
- Fit in a horizontal PVC pipe beneath the end of the trap connections. It should have enough length to reach the stud.
- To connect the sink drain to the toilet vent, fit a 2” hygienic T fitting in the stud gap. Note better; The sink drain should be horizontal, and the toilet vent should be vertical.
- Always the sink drain should go in the toilet vent from above to avert backflows issues.
- The vertical drainpipe drains the water downward. It prevents water locks from forming in the drain for both the sink and the toilet vent.
How to check if your fixtures are clogged
When there is clogging, there is minimal, or no water flow in the system. This happens due to vents allowing in the air to substitute the vacuum of rushing water, thus leading to blockage. Some of the signs of clogged drainage are;
- Slow drainage sinks or toilets – Gurgling sounds, for example when draining the bathtub, you hear a gurgling sound on the bathroom sink. This sends a caution to you that the vent connecting the two is clocked causing air sucks.
- Sewer smells coming from the exhaust – At times it becomes impossible to connect the sink drain with the toilet vent maybe because they are too far from each other. In such a scenario a separate vent is put in place. The plumber will need a separate vent tor any fixation that won’t require a vent. In other cases, the toilet vent can way out the house through an external wall.
What to consider
It is vital to consider the location of the vent opening. It should be far from the windows and doors of the house to prevent bad odor drifting inside the house. Blocked vents are not hygienic and can cause health problems. Thus, it is vital to protect their opening by covering them well. The vent’s opening should be more just before it going through the top to curb blockages. In conclusion, you can connect the sink drain to the toilet vent if the sink and the toilet vent are not far from each other. If it is not possible to connect a sink drain to the toilet drain within six feet of the toilet, you can install another vent on the toilet drain near the toilet.